One of North America’s all-time native wildflower favorites, beautiful Bloodroot, a member of the poppy family, rises in early spring with unique cigar-shaped rolled up leaves that eventually open into large, waterlily-like foliage. Growing Bloodroot in the Home Garden!
Then the magnificent pristine white flowers appear, from about 1 to 2″ across, and literally light up the forest floor. This treasured native plant has been important for centuries, and takes its common name from the orangey red juice that oozes from the root when cut.
The richly textured large leaves and breathtaking pristine white flowers make it special. Best of all, Bloodroot is quite easy to grow, as long as it is given a moist shaded situation and rich woodsy soil.
Sanguinaria canadensis, along with most other varieties of Bloodroot are perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Partial Shade or Full Shade
Mature Size of Bloodroot Plants
- Height: 6-9 inches (15-22 cm)
- Width: 3-6 inches (7-15 cm)
Info and Facts About Bloodroot
Bloodroot plants are early spring bloomers and may be found growing wild in dappled sun in wooded areas, producing beautiful, solitary flowers. These white bloodroot flowers have 8 to 12 petals growing on leafless stems that rise above the foliage of this charming plant.
Bloodroot plants, Sanguinaria canadensis, get their name from the dark red sap found in the stems and roots, which resembles blood. The colored juice from the stems of bloodroot plants can also be used to make red, pink and orange dyes. You should wear gloves when working with bloodroot plants and practicing bloodroot plant care, however, as leaves and other plant parts are skin irritants to some.
Medicinal usage of bloodroot plants was widespread in centuries past; however, facts about bloodroot plant indicate all parts of the plant are poisonous. Therefore, it is best left to professionals to extract juices and powder from the roots for use in salves. Studies are currently underway using bloodroot as a treatment for cancers of the skin, though bloodroot products are expensive and facts about bloodroot plant indicate it is becoming hard to find and is reaching the point of extinction in some areas of the United States.
How to Grow Bloodroot
As one of the first flowers to appear in spring, bloodroot flowers are at home in the moist, organic soils of the woodlands. Replicate these conditions for successful growth of the plant in the home garden. Plant bloodroot flowers where they will be shaded by the leaves of deciduous trees after bloom is completed.
Collect seeds from bloodroot plants and plant them while they are fresh. Bloodroot seeds mature in mid to late spring and you can place a paper bag over the mature seedpods, giving it a shake, in order to collect the seeds, which will germinate the following spring after planting.
You can also propagate bloodroot flowers from root division at any time. Plant sections of the root ½ to 1 inch deep in an acidic, organic- rich soil in a location with only dappled sun.
Bloodroot Plant Care
To keep the plant from entering dormancy, you should keep the soil moist. In fact, regular watering, twice a week, will allow the leaves to remain throughout much of summer. This can be reduced in fall and winter so it can go dormant. You can begin feeding your plants with a balanced fertilizer once they have reached their second year of growth. When this plant is happy in its location, it will colonize and provide many years of flowering